Marquette County
Solid Waste Management Authority
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Plan of Operations

The Authority was established in 1988; at that time unlicensed and unlined landfills dominated the Upper Peninsula. State efforts to close these landfills prompted local communities to cooperatively develop state of the art waste management systems. All of Marquette County’s 22 constituent municipalities are now members of the Authority. The Authority operates under terms specified in an Intergovernmental Agreement and it’s bylaws. The landfill opened for business in late December 1989.

  1. Definitions:
    1. Solid Waste” shall mean all non-hazardous, non-toxic Type II and Type III material regulated by Act 641.
    2. Municipality” shall mean a Constituent, User, or Additional User municipalities as defined in Article I of the Intergovernmental Agreement.
    3. Solid Waste Hauler” shall mean all owners and operators of solid waste transporting equipment such as transfer trailers, tractor trailers, and 20, 30, and 40 yard roll offs that are authorized to use the landfill.
    4. Solid Waste Small Hauler” shall mean all owners and operators of solid waste transporting equipment such as cars, light pick-up trucks and trailers that are authorized to use the landfill.
    5. Primary Hauler” is the one designated hauler per municipality who can be directly billed by the Authority and meets the requirements as defined by this document (Section I.D.4. and I.F.2.), and a primary hauler agreement between the Municipality serviced and the Authority.
    6. Tipping Fee” shall mean the fee calculated and assessed on a per ton basis for disposal at the landfill. The tipping fee shall cover the annual operating and maintenance expenditures as set forth by the Authority in connection with the adoption of a budget for each fiscal year. The tipping fee shall include provision for payment of future landfill expansion costs.
    7. Annual Fixed Cost” shall mean the cost incurred in the initial start-up of the landfill. The Marquette County Solid Waste Management Authority’s debt service payment for the purchase of land, engineering, legal, start-up, site improvements, dewatering system, access roads, buildings, excavation, liners, equipment, and interest incurred to finance construction.
    8. Mixed Loads” shall mean waste that is dumped in an area not designated for that waste and/or are mixed with prohibited wastes. It is waste that is mixed together such that it is more expensive to handle or becomes hazardous to personnel or equipment.
    9. Special Waste” requires special handling and is charged a fee above the standard tipping fee rate; that reflects the cost of disposal.
    10. Commingled Loads” are loads that arrive at the landfill contain material from more than one municipality. This is only acceptable if responsibility for the billing is defined as per a
    11. Designated primary hauler agreement” and that all parties involved are informed and agree.
  2. Hours of Operations:
    1. The normal daily operating hours shall be 7:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Monday through Friday.
    2. The landfill will have partial hours or will not operate on the following holidays:
      • New Year’s Day – Closed
      • President’s Day – Closed
      • Good Friday – 7 a.m. – 11 a.m.
      • Memorial Day – Closed
      • Independence Day – Closed
      • Labor Day – Closed
      • Veteran’s Day – Closed
      • Thanksgiving Day – Closed
      • Day after Thanksgiving – 7 a.m. – 11 a.m.
      • Christmas Eve – 7 a.m. – 11 a.m.
      • Christmas Day – Closed
      • New Year’s Eve – 7 a.m. – 11 a.m. 
  3. Services Provided:
    1. Disposal of most Type II and Type III solid waste; per the waste acceptance policy.
    2. Dual stream recycling processing and marketing of most recyclable materials defined as “rigid” that include plastics and metals. “Fiber” that includes cardboard, newspaper, and mixed residential paper.
    3. Household Hazardous Waste Collection Program: administration, training, and disposal of waste collected by participating communities.
    4. Promotion and outreach of recycling and waste reduction activities.
  4. Operating Rules and Regulations:
    1. Only non-hazardous and non-toxic Type II and Type III solid waste as defined by State of Michigan Act 641 of 1978 shall be disposed in the landfill.
    2. The Marquette County Solid Waste Management Authority shall maintain a list of materials banned from disposal in the landfill as per the waste acceptance policy.
    3. No hazardous or toxic waste.
    4. Solid waste haulers shall be pre-authorized to use the landfill by their municipality through the issuance of a license. Solid waste haulers must apply through the constituent municipality or additional user municipality; in which the solid waste is generated and collected for the license. Tipping fees shall be billed to the municipality sponsoring the solid waste hauler license or to a designated primary hauler. It shall be the municipality’s and solid waste hauler’s joint responsibility to assure that only solid waste generated within the jurisdiction of the user municipality is collected and hauled to the landfill. 
    5. Solid waste small haulers located or residing in Marquette County shall be pre-authorized to use the landfill through the issuance of a license from their constituent or “host” municipality. This license authorizes the small hauler to dispose of solid waste from any municipality located within Marquette County. Tipping fees shall be billed to the small haulers “host” municipality sponsoring the solid waste hauler. It shall be the municipality’s and solid waste small hauler’s joint responsibility to assure that only solid waste generated within Marquette County is collected and hauled to the landfill.
    6. Any solid waste hauler located or residing outside of Marquette County, performing work within Marquette County, must apply through the constituent municipality or additional user municipality in which the solid waste is generated and collected for the license. Tipping fees shall be billed to the municipality sponsoring the solid waste hauler license or to a designated primary hauler. It shall be the municipality’s and solid waste hauler’s joint responsibility to assure that only solid waste generated within the jurisdiction of the user municipality is collected and hauled to the landfill.
    7. Any solid waste hauler or solid waste small hauler must have written permission from the owner of the landfill permit to dispose using their permit. This is acceptable under the following conditions: possessing a copy of the physical landfill permit, a note from the owner of the permit, or driving a company vehicle. If using a note; it must state the name(s) of the person(s) allowed to haul under their permit and duration of use. The note must be signed by the owner of the landfill permit. Haulers will not be permitted to dispose of any material unless the above criteria is met. Any hauler who utilizes another haulers permit without permission, or falsifies information in order to use that permit, will be reported immediately to its host municipality. In addition, the company or business will be notified; for which the permit is attempting to be utilized.
    8. Only solid waste generated in Marquette County by user or constituent municipalities shall be hauled to the landfill.
    9. All licensed haulers shall be required to comply with operating rules and regulations; otherwise said license shall be revoked.
    10. All solid waste hauling vehicles shall be enclosed or covered with a tarp to prevent loss of material on haul roads and other public roadways in route to the landfill.
    11. Waste that are considered “special” include but are not limited to: medical waste, sewage plant grit, tires, asbestos, and Michigan Renewable Carbon ash/waste material. Such wastes are subject to making special arrangements with landfill operating personnel, may require Department of Environmental Quality permission, and laboratory testing before disposal. Proper notice by 2:00 p.m. on the day preceding delivery is required for special waste deliveries. All “special waste” will be subject to fees determined by the Board of Trustees. The fee schedule shall be revised by the Board at their discretion.
    12. Asbestos Policy 
      • Asbestos will need to be properly packaged (See “How Asbestos Should Be Handled” for instructions).
      • Haulers are required to call one day prior to schedule an asbestos disposal appointment.
      • All haulers must obtain a landfill permit from the municipality which they are hauling asbestos. If hauling asbestos from more than one municipality; the hauler must obtain a landfill permit from each municipality.
      • In order to dispose asbestos, haulers must have an asbestos manifest. Haulers can call the landfill office or obtain a manifest online.
      • When the hauler arrives at the landfill; park the vehicle on the scale and enter the office to be weighed. The scale attendant will weigh the truck; give the hauler an asbestos form, directions, and any other required instructions.
      • The scale attendant will inform landfill staff that an asbestos load has arrived. The hauler will proceed to the designated landfill area for disposal. The haulers asbestos load will get measured and informed where to dispose the asbestos. After disposal, the hauler will return to the scale, park vehicle, and enter the office to weigh out and sign the ticket.
      • If the hauler is delivering asbestos from more than one municipality; the hauler will be assessed the per load charge (i.e. $200, $400, etc.) for each municipality it is hauled. Combining loads of asbestos from multiple entities is discouraged. If loads are combined from multiple entities, it is the haulers responsibility to ensure proper documentation is presented for each individual load. Haulers should expect delays at the scale office, if they choose to combine asbestos loads from multiple entities. 
    13. Trauma Scene / Med Waste Policy
      • ​Package smaller items in the red medical waste bags. Larger items that do not fit in the red bags; double bag in 40-60 mil plastic and seal shut. Proper notice by 2:00 p.m. on the day preceding delivery is required. A landfill permit from the “host” municipality is required for disposal.
  5. Deliveries:
    1. All material shall be weighed prior to using the facility for disposal. The Authority will provide a State certified weigh scale at the landfill entrance area.
    2. The operation of the State certified weigh scale will be fully automated. A vehicle carrying waste drives into the facility and approaches the weigh scale. The licensed hauler drives and parks vehicle on the scale and enters the office to be weighed. Licensed solid waste haulers will activate the weigh system by inserting a specially coded identification card into a card reader. Licensed haulers that have not been issued an identification card, will have their data manually entered into the system. After the weight and other load data is recorded, a weigh ticket is issued to the driver. The hauler will then receive two tickets. The ticket will provide a statement of the transaction for billing purposes.
    3. The scale attendant will let the driver know when to drive off the scale. 
    4. Tare weights may be established as part of the licensing procedure. Tare weights will be checked periodically by Authority personnel to verify and maintain vehicle weight data.
    5. Transactions can only be voided by a representative of the Marquette County Solid Waste Management Authority. In every case, each and every vehicle passing over the scale shall result in a permanent record in the computer system.
    6. Special wastes that require extensive handling procedures, such as asbestos, medical waste, Michigan Renewable Carbon ash/waste material, and confidential document destruction shall be delivered only after prior authorization is given to landfill operating personnel. Proper notice shall be by 2:00 p.m. on the day preceding delivery.
    7. Waste will be separated into Type II and Type III before it is disposed of at the landfill. Some Type II may be routed to the Type III area by landfill staff for the efficiency of the operation.
  6. Billing Procedures:
    1. The solid waste hauler will retain two copies of the original weigh ticket. One copy shall be for the constituent municipality and one copy for the waste hauler. The waste hauler shall be responsible for delivery of the municipality’s copy. The ticket will constitute a statement of the transaction.
    2. The Marquette County Solid Waste Authority will invoice the Constituent Municipality, Additional User Municipality, or a Municipality’s designated primary hauler each month for all transaction statements accumulated during the monthly accounting period. A Municipality’s designated primary hauler may be direct billed only if the sponsoring Municipality guarantees payment of any amounts direct billed to it’s primary hauler. Invoices will be due within 30 days. All aging invoices beyond 30 days will be charged 1% per month interest. Invoices that are 90 days overdue will be presented to the Board of Trustees for review. The Board of Trustees shall consider remedies for collection at their first meeting following the 90 day aging period. Municipalities and/or a designated primary haulers will be notified of past due bills. Each Municipality and their contractors will abide by the User Agreement of the Municipality.
    3. Fees for Type II waste, Type III waste, special waste, asbestos, tires, mixed loads, penalty charges, etc. are listed on the current fee schedule. Changes in the fee schedule will go into effect 30 days after board approval.

Plan of Financing

  1. Initial System Facility Financing
    1. The initial estimated cost of construction and site search was provided to constituent municipalities on a per capita basis using the 1980 Census data.
    2. Municipalities had options to either pay cash or to borrow funds from a bond proceeds of a bond issue through the Michigan Municipal Bond Authority.
    3. The Marquette County Solid Waste Management Authority participated in the bond issue by borrowing $2,030,057.50 to finance the construction of the remainder of the System Facility costs. The bond purchase contract, dated October 13, 1988, sets forth the terms and conditions of the bond contract between the Michigan Municipal Bond Authority and the Marquette County Solid Waste Management Authority.
    4. A Plan of Financing was thus implemented for the initial System Facility construction.
    5. The Intergovernmental Agreement allows the Plan of Financing to be modified from time to time by the Authority; by unanimous approval of the Board of Trustees.
  2. Responsibilities of Municipalities and the Authority
    1. The Intergovernmental Agreement commits the constituent municipalities to “pledge their full faith and credit towards the repayment of any underlying bond”.
    2. The Authority shall allocated the Annual Fixed Cost of initial construction to each User Municipality on a pro rata basis by “Unit Assignments”.
  3. Method of Computing Annual Fixed Cost
    1. The Annual Fixed Cost shall be computed for each User Municipality on a per capita basis using the latest Bureau of Census population data.
    2. The annual principal and interest due to the Michigan Municipal Bond Authority, borrowed by the Marquette County Solid Waste Management Authority, shall be divided by the total population of the User and Additional User Municipalities. The resulting amount shall be the per capita share. Each municipality’s pro rata share of the Annual Fixed Cost shall be computed by multiplying its population times the per capita share.
  4. Future Landfill Expansions
    1. Future landfill cell expansion shall be financed by the use of a sinking fund. The sinking fund shall be funded in the annual budget and shall be part of the tipping fee assessed by the Authority for waste disposal.
  5. Potential Additions
    1. Recycling handling and procedures.
    2. Site map attached roads, references, etc.

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